Nutritional value of Clitoria ternatea for sheep in the dry tropics

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dc.contributor Schlink, AC 2012-01-25T12:32:17Z 2012-01-25T12:32:17Z 1998
dc.identifier.citation Proc. Aust. Soc. Anim. Prod. (1998) 22: 361
dc.description.abstract Animal Production in Australia 1998 Vol. 22 NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF CLITORIA TERNATEA FOR SHEEP IN THE DRY TROPICS A.C. SCHLINK CSIRO Division of Animal Production, Private Bag, PO Wembley, WA 6014 Formerly: CSIRO Division of Tropical Animal Production, Townsville, Qld 4814 Clitoria ternatea is widely distributed throughout the humid, lowland tropics of Africa, Asia and Central America. A composite line has been released for Australian conditions as a pasture species, cover or hay crop (Hall 1992). This experiment evaluated Clitoria (CPI 47187) as either a sole diet or as a supplement to mature speargrass (Heteropogon contortus) for effects on intake, digestibility, liveweight change and wool growth. For comparison Stylothanthes hamata cv. Verano was also fed as a supplement to speargrass. Thirty-six Merino wethers were fed Verano and grass chaff for a six-week pre-treatment period, then offered one of six chaffed diets: (1) 100% speargrass, (2) 10% Clitoria:90% speargrass, (3) 20% Clitoria:80% speargrass, (4) 40% Clitoria: 60% speargrass, (5) 100% Clitoria, and (6) 20% Verano:80% speargrass for six weeks. Feed offered was adjusted daily so that residues for each animal were approximately 100 g/day. Liveweights were measured weekly. Wool growth was determined by clipping delineated mid-side patches at three-weekly intervals for the duration of the experiment. During the last eight days of the experiment faeces were collected for the determination of digestibility. The results for weight changes, intake and wool growth are shown in Table 1; wool growth was adjusted for pre-treatment wool growth. Table 1. Effects of feeding Clitoria ternatea or Verano with or without speargrass on liveweight changes, intake and wool growth in sheep Clitoria 0% Initial wt (kg) 39.8 Wt change (kg) -0.135 Intake (gDM/d) 544 (gDDM/d) 218 (gN/d) 3.5 2 Wool growth (g/21 days/100cm ) Weeks 1-3 0.688 Weeks 4-6 1.018 10% 39.9 -0.075 664 259 5.2 0.748 1.004 20% 39.9 -0.052 709 300 6.6 0.761 0.975 40% 39.9 -0.033 747 297 9.1 1.001 1.114 100% 39.9 0.024 958 465 20.4 1.551 1.061 Verano 20% 39.9 -0.046 731 325 7.8 0.965 1.204 l.s.d. (P<0.05) 3.7 0.058 239 112 2.7 0.160 0.274 Supplementation of a speargrass diet with Clitoria or Verano had similar and positive effects on both liveweight gain and wool growth. As the proportion of Clitoria in the diet increased, total digestible dry matter (DDM) intake increased and there was a significant linear response in liveweight change (r2=0.71). The intake and liveweight responses from Clitoria inclusion into a speargrass diet was similar to that achieved with Verano. Increasing the proportion of Clitoria in the diet increased nitrogen (N) intake and this was highly correlated with wool growth in weeks 3 to 6 (r2=0.99). The effect of Clitoria supplementation on wool growth was not significantly different to that of Verano on a nitrogen intake basis. Verano and Clitoria hays fed as a supplement to a speargrass diet produced similar liveweight and wool growth responses. These findings suggest that Clitoria is a suitable alternative for Verano and that pasture species selection should be on agronomic performance for the area. This work was partly funded by the International Wool Secretariat. HALL, T.J. (1992). Tropical Grasslands 26, 70-3. 361
dc.publisher ASAP
dc.subject sheep feeding
dc.subject liveweight gain
dc.subject wool production
dc.subject feed intake
dc.subject digestibility
dc.subject nutritive value
dc.subject sheep
dc.subject Clitoria ternatea
dc.subject Heteropogon contortus
dc.subject Australia
dc.subject Ovis
dc.subject Bovidae
dc.subject ruminants
dc.subject Artiodactyla
dc.subject mammals
dc.subject vertebrates
dc.subject Chordata
dc.subject animals
dc.subject Clitoria
dc.title Nutritional value of Clitoria ternatea for sheep in the dry tropics
dc.type Research
dc.identifier.volume 22 361

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